Forex Cross Pairs

pairs to trade

Alright, so we’ve breezed through several terms and concepts when it comes to trading Forex currency pairs. Because the Forex market never sleeps and thus currency values are always changing, both the base currency and quote currency are in a constant state of flux. So to save you from making some of those same mistakes, I’ve put together a crazy-detailed lesson of everything you could want to know about Forex currency pairs. Leverage is a vehicle that is involved in the forex market for individual traders, investors, and dealers.

financial markets

As you can see in the chart above, USDCAD ignores the London session opening. High currency pair liquidity, in turn, enables trades with lower commission costs. CAD / JPY-Canadian dollar and Yen, NZD / JPY- New Zealand dollar and Yen, and GBP / JPY – British Pound and Yen. This cross-currency cluster is quite popular with investors and traders because they can participate in carrying trades with partners. Carry Trade is a sale of a particular currency with a relatively low interest rate and then buying a currency with a higher interest rate.

What are typical for forex cross pairs, and how do they compare with major pairings? If we start with the “GBP/JPY” example from above, you can repeat the old process by getting the “Bid/Ask” quotes for the “GBP/USD” and the “USD/JPY”. The calculations are tedious, but you will arrive at a spread of roughly 4 pips. If you check with a broker like eToro for the “GBP/JPY” pairing, the spread is about half, or 2 pips, quite a bit above the “EUR/USD” standard of approximately 0.7 pips. Leveraged trading in foreign currency contracts or other off-exchange products on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for everyone.

cfds are complex

Daily turnover for the latter is actually a “6X” multiple, but the spread only tripled, a result of speculation and arbitrage. For even more minor pairings, you might encounter spreads as high as 10 pips. If you needed to convert British Pounds to Japanese Yen, the process involved converting first the GBP to US Dollars and then converting the USD to Japanese Yen. This somewhat cumbersome process was not cost-effective since there was no arbitrage market to tighten “Bid/Ask” spreads. As time passed, the more active crosses received their own quotes to help trade and tourist conversion transactions. The “GBP/JPY” evolved as one of these favoured cross pairs.

On the daily , such a crossover can indicate a change of direction. The price could return to support and continue in the range. GBP/USD is similar to GBP/JPY in that price action often trends for long periods. When we mention support and resistance zones, these are not typically one specific price. A price zone is a little flexible but centred around the reaction price. EUR/USD has volatility, but not so much as to create price spikes.

These are few arbitrage opportunities and I’m guessing they will go away when picks up in the Indian Markets. Also, a large part of this can be attributed to the involvement of RBI’s reference rate. Daily and Final M2M settlement will be based on the RBI reference rates. The intrinsic value of all in-the-money contracts will be calculated at the final settlement price. Futures contracts will be marked to market at the final settlement price, and cash-settled in T+2 days.

The commodity pairs

You will also see these pairs referred to as “the majors” or “the Big Four”. The most widely traded currencies are USD, EUR, GBP, and JPY. According to ICE data from, there are over 2,300 forex pairs that you could in theory trade. The currency majors and minors are categorised by popularity and liquidity.

  • The U.S. dollar was referred to as a “vehicle currency” because it served as the primary means of exchange for cross-border trade.
  • Sterling into Japanese yen, they would first have to convert their sterling into U.S. dollars, and then convert these dollars into yen.
  • Before making a foreign exchange transaction, a trader must first obtain a quotation from a market maker.
  • With this comprehensive list of 28 major forex pairs, you’ll know exactly which pairs to watch, trade and invest in.

The U.S. dollar was known as a “vehicle currency” since the currency was used as the medium of exchange for international transactions. Find the approximate amount of currency units to buy or sell so you can control your maximum risk per position. Dollar/Singapore Dollar exchange rate and USD/SEK for the U.S. Although you are trading on lower timeframes, such as the five-minute chart, it pays to check the daily chart to assess the overall trend.

Cross currency pairs: forex trading without US dollars

Currency crosses can provide clues about the relative strength of each major currency pair. 1- You avoid taking the same position with several correlated currency pairs at the same time, not to increase your risk. As a forex trader, you can check several different currency pairs to find the trade setups. When two currencies are being valued against each other, they become a cross-rate pairing. The pairing is then compared to a base currency (e.g., U.S. dollar), creating a cross rate. When you sell forex, you’re buying the quote currency by selling the base currency.

The pair of a major currency and currency of a developing country (Turkey, Singapore, Mexico, etc.) is called exotic currency pair. At the end of the Second World War, most currencies were pegged and quoted against the U.S. dollar. This was because the U.S. economy in general was the strongest post-war and its currency was fixed to gold. This set precedents when converting two currencies that weren’t U.S. dollars. We must first decide which currency’s exchange rate will serve as our base rate; set it to one before determining what a currency cross should be priced at.

Europe, Middle East & Africa

USD is the currency abbreviation for the United States dollar, the official currency of the United States of America. Samantha Silberstein is a Certified Financial Planner, FINRA Series 7 and 63 licensed holder, State of California life, accident, and health insurance licensed agent, and CFA. She spends her days working with hundreds of employees from non-profit and higher education organizations on their personal financial plans.


Crosses include EUR/GBP, EUR/CAD, GBP/JPY, CAD/JPY, GBP/AUD, etc. If you think that the base currency is going to fall against the quote currency, you can sell the pair instead. When a retail forex trader decides to take a cross position in EURAUD using U.S.

This also leads the value of the USD/JPY pair to be correlated with the USD/CHF pair – because CHF is also seen as a safe haven, which is explained in section four. Economic Data – Economic releases are reports that give traders a glimpse into the performance of a nation’s economy. Important economic data that influences currency rates include CPI data, Nonfarm payrolls , gross domestic product , retails sales, purchasing managers index and others.

  • Additionally, you avoid taking opposite positions with the currency pairs that move against each other, at the same time.
  • Trading in digital assets, including cryptocurrencies, is especially risky and is only for individuals with a high risk tolerance and the financial ability to sustain losses.
  • The performance quoted may be before charges, which will reduce illustrated performance.
  • In the past, if someone wanted to exchange a certain amount of money into another currency, they had to first convert it into US dollars, and then into the target currency.
  • Explore our comprehensive range of educational resources and trading strategies.

The pairs were selected to better visually demonstrate the influence of a region on the “tradability” of a pair. Since more people are interested in an asset, the easier it is to buy and sell. The most frequently traded pair is a pair that includes Euros, for example, EUR / CHF, EUR / GBP, and EUR / JPY. Currency pairs can sometimes grow more volatile than USD / CHF because of institutional players, who want to work using the Swiss Franc. Nevertheless, the Minor Crosses remain popular among forex traders and offer significant trading opportunities since they can show prolonged trends.

Best Currency Pairs to Trade

These pairs are not overly dominated by the dynamics of the USD and the US economy, but spreads tend to be wider, and periods of high liquidity may not match up favourably with your time zone. In addition to all major forex pairs, OANDA’s trading platform also provides our clients with the ability to trade in cross currency pairs. The main difference between these and our major pairs is that cross pairs do not involve the US dollar. In the past, if someone wanted to exchange a certain amount of money into another currency, they had to first convert it into US dollars, and then into the target currency. Under this system, cross-currency transactions were possible, although occasionally a U.S. dollar computation was required to ensure a fair settlement.

FX Weekly: GDP, EUR/USD and Trade Levels – FXStreet

FX Weekly: GDP, EUR/USD and Trade Levels.

Posted: Mon, 23 Jan 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

As a retail trader, all you need to know is whether you want to go long or short. Conversely, if you buy the EURUSD (also referred to as going “long”), you are buying the Euro and selling the US dollar. FXMAG would like to remind you that the data contained in this website is not necessarily real-time nor accurate. Going further back, there were big losses with the Thai bhat in 1997.

Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. You could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose.

The Euro becomes the base rate for any currency crossings in which it is involved; if the GBP is involved but not the Euro, the GBP becomes the base rate. Although currency crosses are now typically created as their own exchange rate, we could pretty accurately determine it using the following method even if we did not have this rate. When the value of one currency changes, the value of that other currency also changes. High interest rates can make a currency more attractive to traders, increasing demand for the dollar and causing it to strengthen against the yen.

Cross currency pairs can be excellent tools for forex traders. Some cross currency trades can be set up to position traders on particular world events, such as using the EUR/GBP to bet on the ongoing Brexit saga. The next lower tier of liquidity is shared by the minor currency pairs, which include the so-called cross currency exchange rates that do not involve the U.S. The minor currency pairs don’t include the dollar but other global currencies like the Euro and Japanese Yen. Liquidity may be lower than the major currency pairs, but that said, with over $6.6 trillion traded five days a week, the minor pairs still have sufficient liquidity for trading.

It does involve risk and the possibility of a loss of capital. There are no guarantees for profiting from cryptocurrencies, and it’s advisable only to risk what you can comfortably afford to lose. Instead of taking dozens of Forex trades a day, pick one or two great Forex setups and build your Forex account in this way.

With the invention of currency crosses, individuals can now bypass the process of converting their currencies into US dollars and simply convert it directly into their desired currency. Trading in digital assets, including cryptocurrencies, is especially risky and is only for individuals with a high risk tolerance and the financial ability to sustain losses. OANDA Corporation is not party to any transactions in digital assets and does not custody digital assets on your behalf. All digital asset transactions occur on the Paxos Trust Company exchange. Any positions in digital assets are custodied solely with Paxos and held in an account in your name outside of OANDA Corporation.

As such, you are now somewhat limited in what you can do should a favorable setup arise on a more liquid pair such as the EURUSD or the USDCAD. As you know from the currency tables above, that’s the South African rand versus the Japanese yen. While you may be able to find a few that have favorable movement, for the most part, they are extremely choppy and volatile currencies to trade.

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